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Eight Finalists Are Unveiled for 9/11 Memorial


Published: November 19, 2003

Lower Manhattan Development Corporation, via Reuters
"Passages of Light: Memorial Cloud," by Gisela Barumann, Sawad Brooks and Jonas Coersmeier.

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Finalists for the Memorial at Ground Zero
Slide Show: Finalists for the Memorial at Ground Zero

The animations below are provided by the, the LMDC's web site in various formats.
Votives in Suspension
Lower Waters
Passages of Light
Suspending Memory
Garden of Lights
Reflecting Absence
Dual Memory
Inversion of Light

List of Finalists (Nov. 19, 2003)

Which ground zero memorial design do you prefer?



New York City

World Trade Center (NYC)

Monuments and Memorials

NEW YORK -- The eight finalist designs in the World Trade Center memorial competition unveiled Wednesday remember the dead with quiet gardens, reflecting pools, inscribed names and lights for lost lives.

All eight designs, selected by a jury from a pool of 5,200, list the names of those who died in the Sept. 11, 2001, attacks in New York, Washington D.C. and Pennsylvania, as well as the 1993 World Trade Center bombing. They are inscribed on granite walls, glass panels and stone columns.

Some entries list the names alphabetically, others according to where they died.

"We have sought designs that represent the heights of imagination while incorporating aesthetic grace and spiritual strength," the jury said in a statement.

The finalists, whose identities were made public for the first time on Wednesday, range from local artists to international architects.

John Whitehead, chairman of the Lower Manhattan Development Corporation, which is overseeing the rebuilding of the site, praised the organic connections shared by all the entries.

"Their designs draw upon the elements of light, water, earth and life itself," Whitehead said at a news conference where the proposals were unveiled.

One design proposes an open air structure with cathedral-like vaults and a glass walkway overhead where thousands of lights illuminate engraved names of the victims. It groups the rescuers' names separately in a ribbon that loops through the other names.

Another suggests votive lights suspended over a reflecting pool, "each one representing a life that was extinguished," the applicants said.

One entry contains a park that slopes from street level to 30 feet below, to "marry the urban with the sacred," the artists said. It includes a garden within the south tower footprint and a structure at the north tower footprint with a staircase waterfall.

The proposals include private areas for relatives of the lost and a resting place for unidentified remains of people killed at the trade center. One design envisions a blue light projected upward from the place where the unidentified remains are entombed.

The remains of about 60 percent of the 2,592 people killed in the twin towers attack have been identified.

All of the designs preserve the slurry wall that once formed the trade center basement, the only surviving remnant of the original complex.

The eight proposals, accompanied by videotaped interviews of finalists talking about their designs, were displayed at the World Financial Center's Winter Garden, near where the twin towers stood.

Whitehead said the jury "identified the best work of highly creative individuals and teams from around the globe."

Family members of those who died said they mostly approved of the designs.

"I thought they captured the essence of what the memorial should be," said Christine Huhn-Graifman, who lost her husband.

But some said Tuesday that the plans did not provide enough access to the bedrock level of the trade center site. As it stands now, the redevelopment plan preserves the approximate circumference of the towers, but infrastructure would encroach on the building footprints at bedrock level.

Wednesday's viewing was the public's first chance to see the eight proposals, picked by a 13-member jury, which will decide the winning design by the end of the year.

The display was not part of the official selection process; neither the jurors nor the competitors were present.

. 9/11 Memorial Designs to Be Unveiled Today (November 19, 2003)
. 13 Who Will Do the Choosing: Jurors for the Memorial Competition (November 19, 2003)

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